Robotic claw designs impressed the 2- and 3-finger grippers which can be so widespread with customers of collaborative robots. The claw-like design precept has additionally impressed a wide range of delicate gripper designs.
We’ll take a look at particular examples of those grippers in motion under, however first let’s briefly discover the variations between robotic claws and mechanical claws.
How does a mechanical claw work?
Mechanical claws are sometimes used for gripping/clamping gadgets in manufacturing environments. The 2 commonest sorts of claws and clamps used are mechanical and hydraulic. Hydraulic clamping/gripping methods are finest suited to excessive quantity functions and to functions the place important tolerances should be maintained. Utilizing electrical pumps and digital strain switches, hydraulic claws present round 1% accuracy in clamping pressure.
Mechanical clamping and claw methods are a superb match for small manufacturing batches and in conditions the place large tolerances are acceptable. Mechanical methods are normally adjusted manually utilizing a wrench, which produces round 10% accuracy in clamping pressure. Cheaper than their hydraulic counterparts, but additionally extra time consuming to function, mechanical claws and clamps are generally utilized in excessive manufacturing environments resembling throughout excessive temperature operations, the place hydraulic methods wouldn’t be secure to make use of.
Mechanical claws use numerous strategies to shut their pincers. For instance, in some designs when a piston within the center is lifted, the pincers shut. In different mechanical claw designs, an electromagnet is used to convey the pincers collectively. The precept is at all times the identical, nonetheless with the gripper utilizing jaws to understand an object.
There are a lot of claw-like finish effectors discovered on collaborative robots, from delicate grippers to 2- and 3-finger grippers. These ‘robotic claws’ present ranges of intelligence and autonomy which can be means past the capabilities of their mechanical counterparts. For instance, a robotic claw (or a robotic clamp) can present helpful suggestions to your cobot and PLC. This knowledge can then be used to finetune your manufacturing processes. Cobot grippers are additionally smaller and extra exact than mechanical claws.
Let’s check out a number of the claw-like and claw-inspired grippers out there via UR+,a world ecosystem of parts, software program, and utility kits which have been validated and authorized to be mechanically, electrically, and digitally appropriate with cobots from Common Robots.
Cobots with robotic claws
Parallel grippers (typically known as 2-finger, or 2-jaw grippers) contain two pincers closing parallel to the workpiece with a purpose to obtain grip. From this straightforward claw-like design, ingenious engineers have developed a variety of versatile gripper applied sciences which have discovered makes use of in manufacturing functions from materials dealing with and meeting via to packaging & palletizing. Parallel grippers are both electrical, pneumatic or hydraulic. One limitation of parallel grippers is that they will solely accomplish a pinch-type grasp, which does restrict their versatility. Adaptive grippers convey new ranges of performance to parallel gripper design. Adaptive grippers are in a position to adapt themselves to totally different product shapes with out having to be reprogrammed each time.
Gimatic’s KIT-UR-G, for instance, is an electrical, 2-finger parallel gripper that may be instantly related to your UR cobot’s wrist. Suitable with UR3 via UR10e cobots, this gripper is used for materials dealing with, meeting and machine tending functions.